From prehistory to "Greater Greece"
Findings in caves around Isneria in the Abruzzi suggest that humans settled in Italy about a million years ago.
Neanderthal man made a brief appearance, and Cro-Magnon, who knew how to fish and domesticate animals, showed up about 18,000 years ago.
Magna Graecia, “Greater Greece,” describes Greek colonies established beginning in the 8C BC in Sicily and on the mainland from Apulia northwest to the Greek colony of Neapolis (Naples). The coastal land, never tilled, quickly turned out bumper crops. Abundant timber and wool production underpinned highly profitable trading. But these successful colonies fell to warring amongst themselves, and by the 4C BC Greece was a fading influence in southern Italy.
The best evidence of Magna Graecia exists in the temples at Paestum (in Campania); in those at Agrigento, Segesta, and Selinute (all in Sicily); and amid the artifacts at the archaeological museums of Paestum and Siracusa (both in Sicily) and Crotone and Reggio di Calabria (both in Calabria).
Prehistoric in Italy
Greek architecture in Italy
Ancient in Italy
Topics in Italy
More on Prehistoric
Milan's sprawling 15C castle is home to several excellent museums, of tapestries, archaeological artifacts, paintings by Bellini and Mantegna, and sculptures from medieval to neoclassical—including Michelangelo's final sculpture, the Rondanini Pietà