24 tips for sleeping in the airplane

The author wearing his sleeping-on-the-plane gear, 24 plane sleeping tips, Italy, Italy (Photo © Reid Bramblett)
The author wearing his sleeping-on-the-plane gear

Two dozen simple ways to increase your chances of catching some shut-eye on those long overnight flights

OK, first things first: even with the advice below, you probably won't truly sleep on the plane.

Chances are, the best you'll manage is to doze fitfully on the plane ride.

Accept that and you won't get as frustrated, because the frustration of not being able to sleep makes it way harder to catch those cat naps that are crucial during long plane flights.

Here are 24 ways to increase your odds of sleeping on the plane—aside from the obvious: booking business class or first class, which will give you a huge head-start on comfort when using all of these techniques (and put a huge dent in your travel budget).

No matter where you can afford to sit, these tips will help you catch some shut-eye.

The seat

  1. Pick a seat that reclines. Avoid seats in front of a bulkhead or bathroom—they have no room to recline (plus, the sounds and smells from the bathroom can be, er, quite disturbing). 

    Exit row seats may have more legroom, but for safety purposes they often don't recline all the way (neither do seats directly in front of the exit rows, so that they won't block access to the exits—the worst of both worlds). 

    Also, seats in exit rows and in front of bulkheads are often a bit narrower (this because the armrests are extra-wide to accommodate the tray tables that, in other rows, are on the seatback in front of you). 

    You can learn about the various merits (and downsides) of every single seat on every plane by entering in your airline and flight number at SeatGuru.com or SeatExpert.com.
  2. Pick the window seat. Though I normally prefer the aisle (so I don't have to ask permission from my neighbor to get up), on overnight flights I often book a window seat. This allows me to snuggle up to the side of the plane, wedging myself between the seatback and the wall to help provide support while I sleep. 

    True, it takes an artful arrangement of pillows, inflatable neck braces, and blankets to get the padding just right (against the wall, over the armrest, and as support behind my back), but when it works it's golden.
  3. Find a seat in the middle of the plane. You want to be as far as possible from the galley and the bathrooms. They are both high-traffic areas. 

    Flight attendants usually try to be politely quiet during night flights, but they are working, after all, and the galley is their in-flight office, so there will be noise. 

    Far worse, fellow passengers waiting in line to use the bathroom tend to chat and lean on your headrest. It is rude, and unthinking, and annoying as anything, but they still do it.

The gadgets

  1. Noise-canceling headphones. This is the one seemingly silly travel gadget I actually use. These things really do make flying less stressful—and they do it on a biological level. The low frequency, often subsonic roar of the jet engines can raise your autonomic stress levels, putting your body into a slow-burn version of the classic fight-or-fllght reaction (no pun intended), which basically means you're dripping a constant trickle of adrenaline into your system. 

    Not only does this make it terribly hard to sleep, but then, once when the plane lands and the roar subsides, the adrenaline shuts off and you crash. This is what we call "jet lag." And that's how these headphones work. 

    If you put them on at home, you hear nothing more than a faint hiss, but in the sky they actively cancel out the ambient noise (and that subsonic roar), disrupting the whole stress-induced cycle. 

    Also, they make it way easier to hear the movie.
  2. Earplugs. Low-tech version of the noise-canceling headphones. Personally, I can't stand to have these things shoved in my ear canals—they make my eyes water and drive me batty—but many folks swear by them.
  3. Neck pillow. Inflatable kinds pack much smaller than bean-filled or memory foam types, though some find the latter to be more comfortable. - For the plane or long train rides. I prefer one that cinches at the front to provide all-around-the neck support (wear it backwards to keep your chin up); some rave about the the funky J-Pillow; other go for the Travel Halo with its built-in eye mask. Or you can go for the big guns: The SkyRest Travel Pillow, that famous "inflatable box" pillow from the old SkyMall catalog that you balance on your lap or tray table so you can sleep leaning forward. It works—kinda, though after a while I get tired of sleeping slumped forward. Actually, it comes in remarkably handy as a foot-rest/ottoman instead (which helps even more by making your body that much more horizontal).
  4. Eye mask. These really do help (I was converted after a few trips to Arctic and Antarctic latitudes where the sun never sets). Try a couple of styles at home to see which works best for you. The cheap, flimsy cloth ones work fine for some people, but others find them too rough, too tight—touching your eyelids so much they're bothersome—or so loose they let in too much light to be worth bothering with. The slightly fancier, cushioned kind or the molded, cup kind with room for your eyelashes help avoid some of these drawbacks.
  5. Your own blanket or shawl. These days, blankets are often in short supply on many airlines—first come, first served—and on some airlines they actually charge you for the blanket and pillow. Plus, the in-flight blankets somehow manage to be thinner than a cotton sheet, so for more warmth and comfort—not to mention guarantee you'll actually have a blanket— you might want to bring your own—either a real blanket, or at least a light shawl (which can conveniently double as modesty shawl for entering churches and such).

The drugs

  1. Avoid alcohol. Don’t try to drink yourself into a stupor. This strategy will only backfire. Alcohol and flying don’t mix well. Booze exacerbates the effects of jet lag (and of fruitlessly hitting on the flight attendants) and only hastens dehydration. Also, the oblivion brought on by drinking is not a restful one. You may be unconscious, but you're not sleeping.
  2. Try jet lag remedies. There are both melatonin (a hormone that helps regulate sleep cycles) and homeopathic pills (No-Jet-Lag) that supposedly can help reset your internal clock, making it easier to sleep and to get on the local schedule of your destination. Do they work? Some dismiss them, other swear by them. Hey, it never hurts to try. » more 
  3. Pop an Ambien or other prescription sleep aid. Only use the big guns like this with a doctor's prescription. Try one at home first to see how you react. Take it only after you've taken off. Only use it on flights longer than 7 hours (to give it time to wear off). That said: boy, howdy, does this stuff work.

The strategy

  1. Get a full night's sleep the night before your flight. Some people reason that, since it would easier to sleep on the plane if they're dog-tired, it makes sense to skip sleeping the night before the flight. This is monumentally unsound logic, and a dumb thing to do. All it does is ensure you'll be losing two decent nights' sleep. Try to go to bed early the night before your trip, and sleep in late, if possible. (After I trained myself to pack a full day in advance, so at least that isn't keeping me up the night before, it made life so much easier—though I do backslide a lot.)
  2. Ignore the in-flight entertainment. No movies, no working on your laptop. Just bring a dull book and an iPod playlist of light, easy music like classical, light jazz, or modern orchestral—Phillip Glass, Michael Nyman, the quieter pieces from film scores, etc.
  3. Stay hydrated. Planes are insanely dry places, making it hard to sleep (after even a 15 minute catnap, I always wake up with a terrycloth tongue and Sahara throat, gasping for water) and worsening the effects of jet lag. Keep a water bottle in your seatback pocket so a refreshing swig is always only an arm's reach away. Top it off in the galley every time you get up; most flight attendants are happy to fill your personal bottle, though some airlines—apparently to keep a lid on supply levels—have a policy that does not allow this (Lufthansa: shame on you).
  4. Avoid caffeine drinks. This one should be screamingly obvious.
  5. Work out the wiggles. It's hard to go to sleep when your body wants to move around and shake off the torpor of sitting still for long periods. So get up and walk a few laps of the plane. Do some toe-touches in the galley at the back where you're out of everyone's way. Yes, this will get your blood circulating (and, incidentally, help fight off the dreaded DVT), which seems counterproductive since you want to calm down, not rev up. However, this is a mild effect that won't last long, while the effect of loosening your muscles and calming your nerves will last much longer and do wonders for helping you get to sleep.
  6. Try meditating. You needn't download Krishna Das to your iPod (though do try recorded meditation and see if that works for you). All you have to do is close your eyes and concentrate on your breathing. Keep it slow and steady; in through the nose and out through the mouth. Tense, then relax, each muscle in your body one at a time, starting with your toes and working your way up.
  7. Don't be afraid to wake up. When you wake up (and you probably will repeatedly), stretch and twist, roll your head and neck around and around, and make "fists" with your fingers and toes. This will work out all the kinks and get the blood flowing before trying to go back to sleep so your body stays comfortable. Trust me: it'll help.
  8. Minimize disturbances. You'd think that the eye maskheadphones, and neck pillow would be a strong enough signal to the rest of the plane that you'd like to be left alone, but don't count on it. While I can't offer a deterrent to keep the Chatty Cathy next to you from talking off your ear, I do have some advice you can deploy people more attuned to subtle social signals:
  9. Let the flight attendants know that sleep is your priority.When the initial drinks service comes around (so you know which attendant is assigned to your row), politely ask him or her not to wake you for anything—not drinks service, the "morning" lights-on in the plane, breakfast, a snack, or anything—until it is time to return the seat back to its upright position in preparation for landing. Trust me: I've eaten airline food; you're not missing anything. In fact, this way's better.
  10. a) Leave your tray table closed. This is airline equivalent of hanging a "do not disturb" sign.
  11. b) Buckle your seat belt over your blanket. This way flight attendants won't wake you to ensure you're buckled in safely. (If you forget this step and they do wake you, try not to be too cranky about it; they're just doing their job. Grumpy is OK; cranky, not.)
  12. c) Try to reset your clock to the local schedule. Start resetting your internal clock before you leave by getting up and going to bed a bit earlier or later than usual (whichever direction is moving you closer to the time zone you'll be visiting). 

    Once you're in the new country, expose your face to bright sunlight for the first few mornings. Your body knows how to reset its own internal clock if you let it. 

    Go to bed at a decent time according to the clocks of the country you're in, not what your body tells you (try for 10pm; don’t stay up past midnight). Wake up at a normal time the next day—even when your alarm beeps that it's 8am, but your tired body is telling you it's 3am. 
  13. Do not nap when you arrive! I know the temptation is strong, especially by mid-afternoon on that first day when you look like a tourist zombie stumbling around the TK FAMOUS SIGHT with a thousand-yard stare. Do not give in! The only way to reset the body clock is to force it into the new time zone

    After two or three days, feel free to indulge in that most excellent Mediterranean habit of a nap after lunch. Until then: eyes open, back straight, and plow through each day to the end. 

    My advice: keep the first day's sightseeing light, easy on the brain and feet, and short. have an early dinner, head back to the hotel by 7 or 8pm, and tumble into bed to get that full night's sleep denied you on the plane.
Photo gallery
  • The author wearing his sleeping-on-the-plane gear, 24 plane sleeping tips, Italy (Photo © Reid Bramblett)
  • Those giant blow-up pillows do kind of work, though I find them more useful as an ottoman on the floor, 24 plane sleeping tips, Italy (Photo © Reid Bramblett)
Airfares links
Useful Italian phrases

Useful Italian for air travel

English (inglese) Italian  (italiano)   Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is... Dov'é doh-VAY
the airport l'aeroporto LAHW-ro-port-oh
the airplane l'aereo LAIR-reh-oh
terminal terminal TEAR-me-nahl
flight volo VOH-lo
gate uscita d'imbarco oo-SHEE-tah deem-BARK-oh
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
keep going straight sempre diritto SEM-pray dee-REE-toh
departures partenze par-TEN-zay
arrivals arrivi ah-REE-vee
delayed in ritardo een ree-TAR-doh
on time in orario een oh-RAH-ree-yo
early in avanti een ah-VAHN-tee
boarding imbarco eem-BARK-o
connecting flight la coincidenza la ko-een-chee-DEN-za
check-in accettazione ah-chet-ta-zee-YO-nee
immigration controllo passaporti cone-TRO-lo pah-sa-POR-tee
security check controllo di sicurezza kohn-TRO-lo dee see-kur-AY-tzah
customs dogana do-GA-na
shuttle la navetta lah na-VET-tah
boarding pass carta d'imbarco kart-ta deem-BARK-o
baggage claim ritiro bagagli ree-TEER-oh bah-GA-lyee
carry-on luggage bagaglio à mano bah-GA-lyo ah MA_no
checked luggage bagalio bah-GA-lyo

Basic phrases in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) pro-nun-see-YAY-shun
thank you grazie GRAT-tzee-yay
please per favore pair fa-VOHR-ray
yes si see
no no no
Do you speak English? Parla Inglese? PAR-la een-GLAY-zay
I don't understand Non capisco non ka-PEESK-koh
I'm sorry Mi dispiace mee dees-pee-YAT-chay
How much is it? Quanto costa? KWAN-toh COST-ah
That's too much É troppo ay TROH-po
Good day Buon giorno bwohn JOUR-noh
Good evening Buona sera BWOH-nah SAIR-rah
Good night Buona notte BWOH-nah NOTE-tay
Goodbye Arrivederci ah-ree-vah-DAIR-chee
Excuse me (to get attention) Scusi SKOO-zee
Excuse me (to get past someone) Permesso pair-MEH-so
Where is? Dov'é doh-VAY
...the bathroom il bagno eel BHAN-yoh
...train station la ferroviaria lah fair-o-vee-YAR-ree-yah
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
information informazione in-for-ma-tzee-OH-nay

Days, months, and other calendar items in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
When is it open? Quando é aperto? KWAN-doh ay ah-PAIR-toh
When does it close? Quando si chiude? KWAN-doh see key-YOU-day
At what time... a che ora a kay O-rah
Yesterday ieri ee-YAIR-ee
Today oggi OH-jee
Tomorrow domani doh-MAHN-nee
Day after tomorrow dopo domani DOH-poh doh-MAHN-nee
a day un giorno oon je-YOR-no
Monday Lunedí loo-nay-DEE
Tuesday Martedí mar-tay-DEE
Wednesday Mercoledí mair-coh-lay-DEE
Thursday Giovedí jo-vay-DEE
Friday Venerdí ven-nair-DEE
Saturday Sabato SAH-baa-toh
Sunday Domenica doh-MEN-nee-ka
Mon-Sat Feriali fair-ee-YAHL-ee
Sun & holidays Festivi feh-STEE-vee
Daily Giornaliere joor-nahl-ee-YAIR-eh
a month una mese oon-ah MAY-zay
January gennaio jen-NAI-yo
February febbraio feh-BRI-yo
March marzo MAR-tzoh
April aprile ah-PREEL-ay
May maggio MAH-jee-oh
June giugno JEW-nyoh
July luglio LOO-lyoh
August agosto ah-GO-sto
September settembre set-TEM-bray
October ottobre oh-TOE-bray
November novembre no-VEM-bray
December dicembre de-CHEM-bray

Numbers in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
1 uno OO-no
2 due DOO-way
3 tre tray
4 quattro KWAH-troh
5 cinque CHEEN-kway
6 sei say
7 sette SET-tay
8 otto OH-toh
9 nove NO-vay
10 dieci dee-YAY-chee
11 undici OON-dee-chee
12 dodici DOH-dee-chee
13 tredici TRAY-dee-chee
14 quattordici kwa-TOR-dee-chee
15 quindici KWEEN-dee-chee
16 sedici SAY-dee-chee
17 diciasette dee-chee-ya-SET-tay
18 diciotto dee-CHO-toh
19 diciannove dee-chee-ya-NO-vay
20 venti VENT-tee
21* vent'uno* vent-OO-no
22* venti due* VENT-tee DOO-way
23* venti tre* VENT-tee TRAY
30 trenta TRAYN-tah
40 quaranta kwa-RAHN-tah
50 cinquanta cheen-KWAN-tah
60 sessanta say-SAHN-tah
70 settanta seh-TAHN-tah
80 ottanta oh-TAHN-tah
90 novanta no-VAHN-tah
100 cento CHEN-toh
1,000 mille MEEL-lay
5,000 cinque milla CHEEN-kway MEEL-lah
10,000 dieci milla dee-YAY-chee MEEL-lah

* You can use this formula for all Italian ten-place numbers—so 31 is trent'uno, 32 is trenta due, 33 is trenta tre, etc. Note that—like uno (one), otto (eight) also starts with a vowel—all "-8" numbers are also abbreviated (vent'otto, trent'otto, etc.).