How long to spend in Italy

The minimum amount of time takes to see Italy's major cities and destinations

City itineraries

They say Rome wasn't built in a day—and you ain't gonna be able to see it all in one day, either.

The chart below gives you an idea of the bare minimum reasonable number of days it takes to "do" Italy's major cities and other destinations: to settle in, see the major sights, get a taste for the place, and maybe make one day trip.

You could spend less time, but you'll be missing big chunks for sure.

And for someone who has spent nearly four years of his life in Rome, it breaks my heart to admit that a tourist seeing Italy at a dead trot could make do with just three or four days in the Eternal City.Keep in mind, this is a minimum time frame, and I was brutally honest in these assessments. It drives me a little bit nuts to say that you could, conceivably, visit Florence in a day or two. Personally, I'd rather spend a week there, at the very least.

Also remember to add on at least an extra day for each major excursion or sidetrip you'd like to take.

Of course, you won't run out of things to do if you stay longer anywhere, and I highly recommend more days than this minimum for some cities in particular—Rome comes to mind.

Most of these cities you couldn't exhaust in a lifetime of diligent sightseeing. Like I said, I've actually lived in Rome for around four years, and I still discover at least one new and indescribably wonderful thing every time I visit.

Beyond the Big Cities

Many travelers returning to Italy for the second or third time are discovering that there's so much to see outside of the major cities that they're forgoing trains and hotels for rented cars and villas.

They go hill town-hopping and explore one tiny corner of Italy at a time, really exploring the back roads of Tuscany, Sicily, or Apulia, traveling at a leisurely pace away from the crowds and pressures of a rigorous sightseeing schedule in the big city.

I wholeheartedly endorse that plan, but on a first visit you'll probably want to pack in as many major cities and sights as possible—and there's nothing wrong with that.

The whirlwind tour still remains the best first-time visit. It gives you a sampling of everything, so you'll know which bits to come back and explore in more depth. It also gets all the "required" sights out of the way, so when you return (and you will come back), you can concentrate on discovering Italy's lesser-known sights and facets on your own.

Trust me: You won't exhaust Italy in one trip, and it's so easy to come back once you realize how effortless and enjoyable travel here is. I've been returning for 25 years—sometimes spending six months in a single region, sometimes hitting eight regions in 10 days—and haven't even come close to seeing all I want to see.

To help you along, I've whipped up a batch of perfect itineraries for spending a week or two exploring Italy, as well as how to spend from one to three days in each of the major cities (linked in the box up above).

Activities, walks, & excursions links
Useful Italian phrases

Useful Italian for sightseeing

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is?... Dov'é doh-VAY
...the museum il museo eel moo-ZAY-yo
...the church la chiesa lah key-YAY-zah
...the cathedral il duomo [or] la cattedrale eel DUO-mo [or] lah cah-the-DRAH-leh
     
When is it open? Quando é aperto? KWAN-doh ay ah-PAIR-toh
When does it close? Quando si chiude? KWAN-doh see key-YOU-day
Closed day giorno di riposo JOR-no dee ree-PO-zo
Weekdays (Mon-Sat) feriali fair-ee-YA-lee
Sunday & holidays festivi fe-STEE-vee
     
ticket biglietto beel-YET-toh
two adults due adulti DOO-way ah-DOOL-tee
one child un bambino oon bahm-BEE-no
one student uno studente OO-noh stu-DENT-ay
one senior un pensionato oon pen-see-yo-NAH-toh

Basic phrases in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) pro-nun-see-YAY-shun
thank you grazie GRAT-tzee-yay
please per favore pair fa-VOHR-ray
yes si see
no no no
Do you speak English? Parla Inglese? PAR-la een-GLAY-zay
I don't understand Non capisco non ka-PEESK-koh
I'm sorry Mi dispiace mee dees-pee-YAT-chay
How much is it? Quanto costa? KWAN-toh COST-ah
That's too much É troppo ay TROH-po
     
Good day Buon giorno bwohn JOUR-noh
Good evening Buona sera BWOH-nah SAIR-rah
Good night Buona notte BWOH-nah NOTE-tay
Goodbye Arrivederci ah-ree-vah-DAIR-chee
Excuse me (to get attention) Scusi SKOO-zee
Excuse me (to get past someone) Permesso pair-MEH-so
     
Where is? Dov'é doh-VAY
...the bathroom il bagno eel BHAN-yoh
...train station la ferroviaria lah fair-o-vee-YAR-ree-yah
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
information informazione in-for-ma-tzee-OH-nay

Days, months, and other calendar items in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
When is it open? Quando é aperto? KWAN-doh ay ah-PAIR-toh
When does it close? Quando si chiude? KWAN-doh see key-YOU-day
At what time... a che ora a kay O-rah
     
Yesterday ieri ee-YAIR-ee
Today oggi OH-jee
Tomorrow domani doh-MAHN-nee
Day after tomorrow dopo domani DOH-poh doh-MAHN-nee
     
a day un giorno oon je-YOR-no
Monday Lunedí loo-nay-DEE
Tuesday Martedí mar-tay-DEE
Wednesday Mercoledí mair-coh-lay-DEE
Thursday Giovedí jo-vay-DEE
Friday Venerdí ven-nair-DEE
Saturday Sabato SAH-baa-toh
Sunday Domenica doh-MEN-nee-ka
     
Mon-Sat Feriali fair-ee-YAHL-ee
Sun & holidays Festivi feh-STEE-vee
Daily Giornaliere joor-nahl-ee-YAIR-eh
     
a month una mese oon-ah MAY-zay
January gennaio jen-NAI-yo
February febbraio feh-BRI-yo
March marzo MAR-tzoh
April aprile ah-PREEL-ay
May maggio MAH-jee-oh
June giugno JEW-nyoh
July luglio LOO-lyoh
August agosto ah-GO-sto
September settembre set-TEM-bray
October ottobre oh-TOE-bray
November novembre no-VEM-bray
December dicembre de-CHEM-bray

Numbers in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
1 uno OO-no
2 due DOO-way
3 tre tray
4 quattro KWAH-troh
5 cinque CHEEN-kway
6 sei say
7 sette SET-tay
8 otto OH-toh
9 nove NO-vay
10 dieci dee-YAY-chee
11 undici OON-dee-chee
12 dodici DOH-dee-chee
13 tredici TRAY-dee-chee
14 quattordici kwa-TOR-dee-chee
15 quindici KWEEN-dee-chee
16 sedici SAY-dee-chee
17 diciasette dee-chee-ya-SET-tay
18 diciotto dee-CHO-toh
19 diciannove dee-chee-ya-NO-vay
20 venti VENT-tee
21* vent'uno* vent-OO-no
22* venti due* VENT-tee DOO-way
23* venti tre* VENT-tee TRAY
30 trenta TRAYN-tah
40 quaranta kwa-RAHN-tah
50 cinquanta cheen-KWAN-tah
60 sessanta say-SAHN-tah
70 settanta seh-TAHN-tah
80 ottanta oh-TAHN-tah
90 novanta no-VAHN-tah
100 cento CHEN-toh
1,000 mille MEEL-lay
5,000 cinque milla CHEEN-kway MEEL-lah
10,000 dieci milla dee-YAY-chee MEEL-lah


* You can use this formula for all Italian ten-place numbers—so 31 is trent'uno, 32 is trenta due, 33 is trenta tre, etc. Note that—like uno (one), otto (eight) also starts with a vowel—all "-8" numbers are also abbreviated (vent'otto, trent'otto, etc.).