Artists in General

Painters, sculptors, tapestry weavers, stained-glass makers, and more

Topics in General

A mosaic portrait of Pietro Torrigiano (Photo by Unknown)

Italian Renaissance sculptor to the Kings and Queens of England

Self Portrait of Hans Holbein the Younger (1542/43) at the Uffizi Galleries, Florence (Photo courtesy of the Uffizi Gallery)

German portraitist who painted some of the seminal figures of the British Renaissance

Self Portrait by Anthony Van Dyck (after 1633) in a private collection (Photo courtesy of Sotheby's)

The Belgian artist who set the tone for British portraiture

Self Portrait playing a lute (c. 1663/65) by Jan Steen, in the Museo Thyssen in Madrid, Spain (Photo courtesy of the Museo Thyssen)

A 17C Dutch genre painter who mastered the genre of peasants having fun

Portrait of Frans Hals (1648–50), a copy (by one of his followers) of a self-portrait, in the Indianapolis Museum of Art (Photo courtesy of the Indianapolis Museum of Art)

A baroque master devoted to depicting typical life during the Dutch Golden Age

Unfinished Portrait of Michelangelo (ca. 1544) by his student, Daniele da Volterra, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Photo courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art)

Arguably the greatest artist who ever lived, part of the Holy Trinity of Italian Renaissance masters

A Self-Portrait detail in The Calling of Saint Matthew (1599–1600) by Caravaggio in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome (Photo courtesy of San Luigi dei Francesi)

The baroque master of chiaroscuro, turning the dance of darkness and light into story and character

Probable Self Portrait hidden in a detail from La Camera degli Sposi (1467–74) by Andrea Mantegna, in the Palazzo Ducale, Mantova, Italy (Photo by unknown)

Italian Renaissance master of perspective

Self Portrait with Beret (1886) by Claude Monet, in a Private Collection (Photo by unknown)

The king of the Impressionist movement

 (Photo courtesy of the Uffizi)

One of the greatest painters of the early Renaissance was nothing if not a man of his times

The Artist in his Studio (c. 1730/35), by François Boucher in the Louvre, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Louvre)

18C French court painter or baroque portraits, landscapes, and genre scenes

Georges Braque, 1908, photograph published in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, Architectural Record, May 1910 (Photo by anonymous)

A cofounder of Cubism

Self-Portrait (c. 1875) of Paul Cézanne, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d'Orsay)

A great Post-Impressionism French painter of lovely landscapes, portraits, and still-lifes

Photograph of Marc Chagall (1920) by Pierre Choumoff (Photo by Pierre Choumoff)

A 20C artist of joyful, whimsical, colorful works

Self Portrait, aged 21 (1855) by Edgar Degas, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d'Orsay)

French Impressionist master of ballet dancers—whether painted, pastel, or cast in bronze

Portrait of Donatello by an unknown 16C artist, in the Louvre Museum, Paris (Photo by sailko)

This unassuming man was the greatest sculptor of the early Renaissance

Maestà (1308–11) by Duccio, in the Museo dell'Opera Metropolitana del Duomo, Siena (Photo courtesy of the Museo dell'Opera Metropolitana del Duomo, Siena)

An Italian Gothic master painter of the Trecento

Self Portrait (1760/70) by Jean-Honoré Fragonard in the Musée Fragonard, Grasse, France (Photo courtesy of The Yorck Project)

An 18C French rococo master of pastel scenes and frolicking lovers

Self Portrait (1889) by Paul Gauguin, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d'Orsay)

The Post-Impressionist who went native in the South Pacific

Self-portrait (c. 1512) by Leonardo Da Vinci—or at least it is believed to be a self portrait—in the Biblioteca Reale, Turin (Photo courtesy of the Biblioteca Reale)

The ultimate Renaissance Man—Artist, engineer, architect, scientist, inventor...

Photograph of Édouard Manet in 1874 by Nadar (Photo by Nadar)

This 19C French painter paved the way for the Impressionists to come

Self Portrait (1918) by Henri Matisse, in the Musée Départemental Henri Matisse, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France (Photo courtesy of the Musée Départemental Henri Matisse)

The great early 20C French artist took post-Impressionism into the colorful realms of fauvism

Self-Portrait (1650) by Nicolas Poussin in the Louvre, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Louvre)

A classicist French baroque painter

Pablo Picasso self-portraits at age 15 (1896), 25 (1907), and 89 (1971) (Photo collage courtesy of Twisted Sifter)

A found of Cubism and one of the greatest artists of the 20C

Self Portrait (1903) by Camille Pissarro, in the Tate Britain, London (Photo courtesy of Tate Britain)

An Impressionist turned pointillist—and great teacher of other painters

Self portrait (c. 1506) of Raphael, aged about 23, in the Uffizi Galleries of Florence (Photo courtesy of the Uffizi Galleries)

One of the Holy Trinity of the greatest painters of the Italian Renaissance

Self-portrait (1669) by Rembrandt van Rinj (1606–69) (Photo courtesy of the National Gallery)

The greatest painter in Dutch history, master of the incisive, psychologically penetrating oil portrait

Self Portrait (1910) by Pierre Auguste Renoir, in a Private Collection (Photo by Renoir)

An Impressionist fond of apple-cheeked women and children

Photograph of Auguste Rodin c. 1898 by Dornac (Photo by Dornac)

The greatest sculptor since Michelangelo

Portrait of the Artist (1623) by Peter Paul Rubens, in the Royal Collection, London (Photo courtesy of the Royal Collection)

One of the greatest baroque Flemish painters, astoundingly prolific and fond of fleshy women

Portrait of Georges Seurat in 1888 (Photo by Unknown)

The post-Impressionist famous for making tiny dots meld into an image

Self Portrait of Giambattista Tiepolo (1752–53), detail from the Residenz Würzburg ceiling frescoes in Würzburg, Germany (Photo courtesy of the Residenz Würzburg)

By a long shot the best Italian rococo painter

"Mr. Toulouse paints Mr. Lautrec," a fun trick photographic portrait c. 1891 (Photo by Maurice Guibert)

A louche, Bohemian painter of tavern and theatre scenes

Portrait of Paolo Uccello (16C), by an unknown Florentine artist, from a fresco now at the Louvre, Paris (Photo by sailko)

An early Renaissance master of perspective who played with it as a Cubist might

Self Portrait (1889) by Vincent van Gogh, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris (Photo courtesy of the Musée d'Orsay)

A tortured post-Impressionist whom history has deemed one of the greatest painters of all time

Portrait of Jean-Antoine Watteau (1721) by Rosalba Carriera, in the Museo Civico Luigi Bailo, Treviso (Photo courtesy of the Museo Civico Luigi Bailo)

A French rococo baroque painter of grandly theatrical works

Self Portrait (c. 1799) by J.M.W. Turner, at the Tate Britain (Photo courtesy of the Tate Britain)

An amazing British painter whose work presages the Impressionists

Henry Moore in 1975, standing next to his sculpture Working Model for Oval with Points (Photo by Allan Warren)

The foremost sculptor of the middle 20th century

Self-Portrait at Age 24 (1804) by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, in the Musée Condé, Chantilly, France (Photo Public Domain)

A French Neo-classical painter

Statue of Filippo Brunelleschi looking up at his ingenious dome atop the Florence Duomo of Santa Maria del Fiore (Photo by Richardfabi)

How a frustrated sculptor became the greatest architect of the Renaissance

Portrait of Giotto from "Five Masters of the Florentine Renaissance" by Paolo Uccello (Photo Public Domain)

The Gothic painter who lay the groundwork for the Renaissance

Portrait of Andrea Palladio by Alessandro Maganza (Photo Public Domain)

The father of Neoclassicism and undisputed heavyweight champion of Renaissance architects

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Useful links
Useful Italian phrases

Useful Italian for rail travel

English (inglese) Italian (italiano)  Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is? Dov'é doh-VAY
...train station la ferroviaria [or] la stazione lah fair-o-vee-YAR-ree-yah [or] lah stat-zee-YO-nay
ticket un biglietto oon beel-YET-toh
first class prima classe PREE-mah CLAH-say
second class seconda classe say-CONE-dah CLAH-say
one way solo andata SO-low ahn-DAHT-tah
round trip (return) andata e ritorno ahn-DAH-tah ay ree-TOUR-noh
Just the supplement Soltanto il supplemento soul-TAHN-toh eel sou-play-MEN-toh
Just a seat reservation Soltanto una prenotazione soal-TAHN-toh oo-nah pray-no-tah-tsee-YOH-nay
I have a Eurailpass Ho il Eurailpass oh eel YOO-rail-pahs
sleeping couchette una cucetta oo-nah koo-CHET-tah
berth in a sleeping car un posto nel vagone letto oon POH-sto nell vah-GOAN-nay LET-toh
track binario been-AR-ree-yoh
train treno TRE-no
car (carriage) carozza ka-RO-tza
seat posto PO-sto
departures partenze par-TEN-zay
arrivals arrivi ah-REE-vee
information informazione in-for-ma-tzee-OH-nay
left luggage deposito bagagli day-PO-zee-toh ba-GAHL-yee
punch your ticket timbrare il biglietto teem-BRA-ray eel beel-YET-toh
Is this the right platform for the Rome train? E questo il binario per il treno à Roma? ay KWAY-sto eel been-AR-ree-yo pair eel TRE-no ah RO-ma? 
delayed in retardo een ree-TAR-do
strike sciopero SHO-pair-oh
Mon-Sat Feriali fair-ee-YAHL-ee
Sun & holidays Festivi feh-STEE-vee
Daily Giornaliere joor-nahl-ee-YAIR-eh
City / Train station names
English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Main station
Rome Roma Termini
Florence Firenze Santa Maria Novella
Venice Venezia Santa Lucia
Milan Milano Centrale
Genoa Genova Porta Principe
Naples Napoli Centrale
Leghorn Livorno Centrale
Turin Torino Porta Nuova

Useful Italian for air travel

English (inglese) Italian  (italiano)   Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is... Dov'é doh-VAY
the airport l'aeroporto LAHW-ro-port-oh
the airplane l'aereo LAIR-reh-oh
terminal terminal TEAR-me-nahl
flight volo VOH-lo
gate uscita d'imbarco oo-SHEE-tah deem-BARK-oh
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
keep going straight sempre diritto SEM-pray dee-REE-toh
departures partenze par-TEN-zay
arrivals arrivi ah-REE-vee
delayed in ritardo een ree-TAR-doh
on time in orario een oh-RAH-ree-yo
early in avanti een ah-VAHN-tee
boarding imbarco eem-BARK-o
connecting flight la coincidenza la ko-een-chee-DEN-za
check-in accettazione ah-chet-ta-zee-YO-nee
immigration controllo passaporti cone-TRO-lo pah-sa-POR-tee
security check controllo di sicurezza kohn-TRO-lo dee see-kur-AY-tzah
customs dogana do-GA-na
shuttle la navetta lah na-VET-tah
boarding pass carta d'imbarco kart-ta deem-BARK-o
baggage claim ritiro bagagli ree-TEER-oh bah-GA-lyee
carry-on luggage bagaglio à mano bah-GA-lyo ah MA_no
checked luggage bagalio bah-GA-lyo

Useful Italian for car travel

English (inglese) Italian  (italiano)  Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
car automobile ow-toh-MO-bee-lay
scooter/motorboke un motorino oon mo-tair-EE-no
gas station stazione di servizio stah-zee-YO-nay dee sair-VEE-tzee-yo
gas benzina ben-ZEE-nah
diesel gasolio [or] diesel gah-ZOH-lee-oh [or] DEE-zell
Fill it up, please al pieno, per favore ahl pee-YAY-noh, pair fa-VOHR-ray
Where is... Dov'é doh-VAY
...the highway l'autostrada lout-oh-STRA-dah
...the state highway la statale [written "SS"] lah sta-TAHL-eh
...the road for Rome la strada per Roma lah STRA-dah pair RO-mah
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
keep going straight sempre diritto SEM-pray dee-REE-toh
to cross attraversare ah-tra-vair-SAR-ay
toll pedaggio peh-DA-jo
parking parcheggio par-KEH-jo
road map carta stradale kar-ta stra-DA-lay
where can I pay the fine? dove posso pagare la multa DOH-veh Po-so pag-GAR-ray la MOOL-tah

Typical road signs / terms » more

English (anglais) French (français) 
Stop Stop
Exit  Uscita
Staffic light Semaforo
One-way Senso unico
Dead-end Strada senza uscita
Parking prohibited No parcheggio or parcheggio proibito
Pedestrian zone Area pedonale
Limited Traffic Zone (you pay to drive in) ZTL or Zona Traffico Limitato

Basic phrases in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) pro-nun-see-YAY-shun
thank you grazie GRAT-tzee-yay
please per favore pair fa-VOHR-ray
yes si see
no no no
Do you speak English? Parla Inglese? PAR-la een-GLAY-zay
I don't understand Non capisco non ka-PEESK-koh
I'm sorry Mi dispiace mee dees-pee-YAT-chay
How much is it? Quanto costa? KWAN-toh COST-ah
That's too much É troppo ay TROH-po
Good day Buon giorno bwohn JOUR-noh
Good evening Buona sera BWOH-nah SAIR-rah
Good night Buona notte BWOH-nah NOTE-tay
Goodbye Arrivederci ah-ree-vah-DAIR-chee
Excuse me (to get attention) Scusi SKOO-zee
Excuse me (to get past someone) Permesso pair-MEH-so
Where is? Dov'é doh-VAY
...the bathroom il bagno eel BHAN-yoh
...train station la ferroviaria lah fair-o-vee-YAR-ree-yah
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
information informazione in-for-ma-tzee-OH-nay

Days, months, and other calendar items in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
When is it open? Quando é aperto? KWAN-doh ay ah-PAIR-toh
When does it close? Quando si chiude? KWAN-doh see key-YOU-day
At what time... a che ora a kay O-rah
Yesterday ieri ee-YAIR-ee
Today oggi OH-jee
Tomorrow domani doh-MAHN-nee
Day after tomorrow dopo domani DOH-poh doh-MAHN-nee
a day un giorno oon je-YOR-no
Monday Lunedí loo-nay-DEE
Tuesday Martedí mar-tay-DEE
Wednesday Mercoledí mair-coh-lay-DEE
Thursday Giovedí jo-vay-DEE
Friday Venerdí ven-nair-DEE
Saturday Sabato SAH-baa-toh
Sunday Domenica doh-MEN-nee-ka
Mon-Sat Feriali fair-ee-YAHL-ee
Sun & holidays Festivi feh-STEE-vee
Daily Giornaliere joor-nahl-ee-YAIR-eh
a month una mese oon-ah MAY-zay
January gennaio jen-NAI-yo
February febbraio feh-BRI-yo
March marzo MAR-tzoh
April aprile ah-PREEL-ay
May maggio MAH-jee-oh
June giugno JEW-nyoh
July luglio LOO-lyoh
August agosto ah-GO-sto
September settembre set-TEM-bray
October ottobre oh-TOE-bray
November novembre no-VEM-bray
December dicembre de-CHEM-bray

Numbers in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
1 uno OO-no
2 due DOO-way
3 tre tray
4 quattro KWAH-troh
5 cinque CHEEN-kway
6 sei say
7 sette SET-tay
8 otto OH-toh
9 nove NO-vay
10 dieci dee-YAY-chee
11 undici OON-dee-chee
12 dodici DOH-dee-chee
13 tredici TRAY-dee-chee
14 quattordici kwa-TOR-dee-chee
15 quindici KWEEN-dee-chee
16 sedici SAY-dee-chee
17 diciasette dee-chee-ya-SET-tay
18 diciotto dee-CHO-toh
19 diciannove dee-chee-ya-NO-vay
20 venti VENT-tee
21* vent'uno* vent-OO-no
22* venti due* VENT-tee DOO-way
23* venti tre* VENT-tee TRAY
30 trenta TRAYN-tah
40 quaranta kwa-RAHN-tah
50 cinquanta cheen-KWAN-tah
60 sessanta say-SAHN-tah
70 settanta seh-TAHN-tah
80 ottanta oh-TAHN-tah
90 novanta no-VAHN-tah
100 cento CHEN-toh
1,000 mille MEEL-lay
5,000 cinque milla CHEEN-kway MEEL-lah
10,000 dieci milla dee-YAY-chee MEEL-lah

* You can use this formula for all Italian ten-place numbers—so 31 is trent'uno, 32 is trenta due, 33 is trenta tre, etc. Note that—like uno (one), otto (eight) also starts with a vowel—all "-8" numbers are also abbreviated (vent'otto, trent'otto, etc.).