A brief history of Florence and Tuscany, from prehistoric times to the 21C

This brief survey of central Italy’s long and complex history is oriented toward Tuscany, but Umbria is covered as well. Once we hit the Renaissance, the focus shifts primarily to Florence, which quickly became the leading power and controlled most of Tuscany until the 19th century.

Tuscan Roots

From Prehistory to the Etruscans


The Founding of Florence


Goths, Lombards & Franks


An Imperfect Democracy


A Medieval Mess


Cue the Medici


The Long Snore


How Italy became a country


Getting roped into World War II


After World War II