A brief history of Florence and Tuscany, from prehistoric times to the 21C

This brief survey of central Italy’s long and complex history is oriented toward Tuscany, but Umbria is covered as well. Once we hit the Renaissance, the focus shifts primarily to Florence, which quickly became the leading power and controlled most of Tuscany until the 19th century.

Tuscan Roots
Florence

From Prehistory to the Etruscans

 

The Founding of Florence

 

Goths, Lombards & Franks

 

An Imperfect Democracy

 

A Medieval Mess

 

Cue the Medici

 

The Long Snore

 

How Italy became a country

 
Fascism
Florence

Getting roped into World War II

 

After World War II